What is Rosacea?

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition that usually affects the central face.  This disorder is characterised by flushing, redness, visible blood vessels, pimples, or bumps on the papillary layer of skin. The nose may have smaller lines called telangiectasias that look like spider webs or thin-lined dilated blood vessels. The nose, cheeks, chin and forehead are the most commonly affected areas, but Rosacea can also affect the eyes, causing redness or burning sensations.


The good news is that our clinic offers the latest treatment options for Rosacea!

What are the main causes of Rosacea?

The exact cause of Rosacea is unknown. The skin’s immune response appears to be important as high concentrations of antimicrobial peptides are present in rosacea. Hair follicle mites (Demodex folliculorum) are sometimes observed within rosacea papules but their role is unclear.

Some of the causes of Rosacea include  :

  • Food allergies-  some patients believe that certain foods trigger their Rosacea
  • Sun exposure – both UVA and UVB rays have been linked to the development of rosacea symptoms
  • Lifestyle-  stress, smoking, alcohol, and other factors may also result in flare-ups of rosacea symptoms
  • Hot drinks and spicy foods
  • Excess exercise
  • Too many skin or make up products

What are the different types of Rosacea that a person can suffer?

A careful and proper examination by your doctor is necessary for the diagnosis of Rosacea.


Rosacea can be broadly classified into four different types

  • Erythematotelangiectatic
  • Papulopustular
  • Phymatous
  • Ocular Rosacea.

Erythematotelangiectatic Rosacea – In this form of Rosacea, there is generally a red face with dilated blood vessels. The skin may also appear flushed or burning in nature. This type is usually seen in people with a fair complexion and those who blush easily.


Papulopustular Rosacea – In this form of Rosacea, there is redness and also visible pimples or bumps on affected areas. The severity of bumps can vary from person to person. However, it is a major concern as these bumps tend to leave scars if not treated on time. The bumps and pimples are mainly found around the nose area as well as over the cheeks. However, they can occur anywhere on the face, including over the forehead and chin area.


Phymatous Rosacea – In this form of Rosacea, there is redness and swelling of the nose due to enlargement of facial blood vessels called telangiectasia or spider-like dilated blood vessels. The skin may also be bumpy due to the presence of hard nodules.


Ocular Rosacea – in this form of Rosacea, the eyes are affected. There may be burning sensations and redness in and around the eye area, along with swelling. The eyelids may also become inflamed due to Rosacea, resulting in dryness of that area or darkening of the skin in that area. The eyes may appear bloodshot, which is one of the tell-tale symptoms of this type of Rosacea.


Rosacea has a few common visible symptoms, including:

  • Redness on affected areas of the face or eyes
  • Visible blood vessels on the face, especially around the nose area that resemble spider veins or dilated blood vessels
  • Facial bumps which may occur anywhere on the face or eyes
  • Pimples and pus-filled pimples on affected areas
  • Frequent flushing of skin in the face, burning sensation in face and fatigue around the eyes

Is Rosacea contagious?

No, rosacea is not contagious

Rosacea treatment

Rosacea is a long term and chronic condition. If you have been diagnosed with Rosacea, it is advised that you keep a check on the trigger factors and avoid them as much as possible. Stress management techniques are also advisable to control  symptoms.


The treatment for Rosacea depends on the type and severity of your symptoms. Based on the type of Rosacea, we will help you decide which treatment plan is best for you. In the preliminary consultation, we will discuss your symptoms and formulate a customised treatment plan.  Some of the treatment options that we offer at our clinic are


  • Topical creams like metronidazole gel or azelaic acid
    – Oral antibiotics


  • Light therapy – using LED lights
    – IPL or Laser treatments

If you are suffering from Rosacea, do not lose hope! Our team of experts at Skinthetics Cosmetic Clinic will help you control the symptoms. If your Rosacea is severe or causes major discomfort, please get in touch with us immediately so that we can work with you to create the best treatment plan for you. 

Call us today!

We recommend a consultation at the clinic with one of our highly trained specialists for an individualised skin plan to give you the radiant skin that you have been longing for